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   >> RADIOLOGY | HOME |  
 

DEPARTMENT OF RADIO-DIAGNOSIS & IMAGING

HISTORY

          Department of Radio-diagnosis & Imaging the then so called x-ray department of Civil Hospital, Aizawl  was established in the year 1956 with a small  x-ray machine ( 60mA- Watson 60 England) . The department was pioneered by a lone x-ray technician, an Indian Army pensioner Pu Lalhluna who had a good knowledge of x-ray technology while serving in the Army. 

          The  new face of development was seen  when the first Radiologist Dr, K.N Sarmah joined the department in 1978 and the first Bsc (Radiology) Mr James Lalrema who joined the department in 1979, both had their training from PGI, Chandigarh. Within  a short period New X-ray machine (Mass Maniature Radiography- MMR) was installed and shortly after 500 mA  x-ray machine (SRD 725) and 1000mA attached with Image Intensifier were installed. Sad to say that all these machines were out-dated and condemned and none of them are seen at present. 

          In 1991 Dr. T. Lalzoliana the present Head of the Department joined in the department. At the same year training of technicians was conducted by the RD & I Department to meet the urgent need of technicians by the Health Department. Training was conducted in two batches, first batch of twenty students were trained in 1991 and in 1992 fifteen students for the second batch were trained for ten months; all were issued a certificate by the Health Department. These trained technicians are the main x-ray technical working force of the department till today. For the said training, lectures were given by the two Radiologists and one technologist; and  a guest lecturer for a subject of general physics Prof. Borkakati from PU College. 

          From thereon the RD & I Department progress step by step to reach the present status. At present the department runs with numbers of x-ray machines, Ultrasound machines and CT Scan Machine.

 

INFRASTRUCTURE:

The present Radio-diagnosis & Imaging Department can be divided into three units : (1) CT SCAN UNIT  (2) ULTRASOUND UNIT  AND (3) X-RAY UNIT. 

          Followings are the equipments with their installation date  etc., and  numbers & names of staff at present.

 

EQUIPMENTS 

EQUIPMENTS

Sr.

Name of Equipments

Model No/Sr.No

Date of

Installation

Name of supplier

 

 

 

 

 

 

CT SCAN

1

CT Scan machine

Esprit/Sr.no34146

8th April 2003

Siemens (P) Ltd.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ultrasound machines

2

Envisor

MCMD02AA/MC156071

1.10.2007

Phillips, India (P) Ltd

3

L & T  (Portable)

Selectra/ 8P2969

2003

Selectra, India

4

L & T  (Portable)

Selectra/ 7P2956

2003

Selectra, India.

5

Adara  Sonoline

MC12H6J3-M/ 56846525

 

Siemens(P) Ltd

 

 

 

 

 

 

X-Ray machines

6

300mA

ME 3010/ 060

29.12.2002

ME x-ray, Kolkata

7

300mA

ME 3010/ 060

10.8.2003

ME x-ray, Kolkata

8

60 mA

Cosmos 4115/M 1163k3

29.1.2004

Squerem,  Kolkata

9

50mA

ME5085/31

27.3.2004

ME x-ray, Kolkata

10

50mA

ME5085/29

27.3.2004

ME x-ray, Kolkata

11

50mA

ME5085/28

27.3.2004

ME x-ray, Kolkata

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mammography

12

Mammography

FLAT III/ 1FLHF6/ 033/ C1

21.9.2004

Metaltronica, Chennai

 

Note: 

1.     Ultrasound machines mentioned in sr no 3 & 4 are portable machines used only in free clinics etc., 

2.     X- machines mentioned in sr no 9,10 & 11 are used kept at wards viz., Ortho ward, Paed Ward & MMW. At present ICU & NICU have their own x-ray machines stationed for the use of their particular case only.

 

STAFF

1.

Dr. T.Lalzoliana

(Consultant)

H.O.D

1.

James Lalrema

(X-ray technologist)

(Chief Tech.)

2.

Dr. Hauthangpuia

Sr. Radiologist

2.

R.Zaichhawnthanga

(Sr X-ray technician)

3.

Dr. H.Lalmuankimi 

Radiologist

 

 

 

4.

Dr.  Wendy Ralte

Radiologist

 

 

 

5.

House Officer, MBBS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others:           

 

1.

Lalhmachhuana           (CT)

X-ray technician

1.

H.Lalnunthara

G/O

2.

Zarzoliana Pachuau

-do-

2.

Lalzarliani 

S/N

3.

C.Malsawmkima

-do-

3.

Hrangchia

D/R Tech

4.

L. Thangrema

-do-

4.

Thanchungnunga

IV Gr

5.

Lalthankima Rokhum

-do-

 

 

 

6.

T.Lalmalsawma

-do-

 

 

 

7.

C.Lalnunsanga

-do-

 

 

 

8.

C.Dingliana

-do-

 

 

 

9.

Lalmalsawma (M.Sawma)

-do-

 

 

 

10.

R.Vanlallawma

-do-

 

 

 

11.

Laluaia

-do-

 

 

 

12.

Lalbiaktluangi

Mammo technician

 

 

 

13.

Janet Laldinpuii

-do-

Total number of staff: 24     (5+4+2+13)

 

 

 

 

X-RAY TECHNICIANS DAILY DUTY POSTS

1.

X-ray room  No. 1

8.

Reception counter

2.

X-ray room  No. 2

9.

Booking counter

(Booking for CT, U/S, IVU etc.)

3.

X-ray room  No. 3

10.

Film sorting - 1 ( Before report)

4.

X-ray room  No. 7 (Mammo)

11.

Film sorting - 2 (after report )

5.

Ward - bed-side x-ray

12.

Second shift (Evening duty)

6.

CT Scan

13.

Third shift  (Night duty)

7.

Ultrasound room

 

 

 

 EMERGENCY DUTY 

ü       X-ray duty is divided in three shift, so duty is performed 24 hours daily. 

ü       For CT Scan and Ultrasound emergencies one doctor and one technician are detailed for emergency on call every day.                                           

 

REPORTS 

Ř       X- ray reports are given on the same day from 12:30 pm 

Ř       Ultrasound reports are given immediately after the case is done. 

Ř       CT Scan reports are given on the next day from 10:00 am.

 

USERS CHARGES 

v      X-ray charges for out-door patients ranges from Rs 20/- to 140/- depending upon the parts of x-rays. Indoor cases and BPL/AAY are done free (BPL/AAY card to be shown). 

v      Ultrasound charges for out-door patient is Rs 150/- and Rs 100/- for indoor patients. (BPL/AAY are done free – card to be shown) 

v      C.T Scan charges are Rs 700/- for head and neck, Rs 1000/- for Abdomen, thorax and spines. If contrast is advised patients will have procured themselves. 

v      Mammography charges is  Rs 200/- (BPL/AAY are done free – card to be shown)

 

BOOKING  (Appointment) 

CT Scan, Ultrasound and X-ray spl. investigations like IVU, are to be given an appointment date before the investigation  which is done at the RD & I department reception counter. On the time of booking, instructions for each particular cases are given which should strictly be followed otherwise the case may be canceled on the time of appointment date.

 

ACHIEVEMENTS 

MONTH-WISE PERFORMANCE  - 2012 (till October)

Sl.

Unit

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1.

X Ray

1905

1899

1980

2500

3140

2645

2334

2431

2521

2643

 

 

2.

CT Scan

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

3.

Fnac CT

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

4.

U/S

546

669

751

666

728

738

738

779

724

743

 

 

5.

Fnac U/S

7

5

7

10

8

7

7

8

6

13

 

 

6.

Mammo

9

7

17

10

15

6

16

18

14

8

 

 

 

 

NUMBER OF YEARLY CASES  2005 – 2012 (till October)

Sl.

Unit

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

1.

X Ray

21725

19300

21290

24965

22232

30506

31152

24148

2.

CT

1091

1264

1848

2863

2747

3265

1653

-

3.

U/S

3167

4604

5934

6980

7682

7991

8100

7076

4.

Mammo

9

133

96

92

88

133

133

110

 

NUMBER OF SPL. INVESTIGATION

(I.V.U) done in the year

2009

463  cases

2010

606  cases

2011

555  cases

 

NUMBER OF CASES DONE ON PARTICULAR DAY

X-Ray

18/02/2011

140 Nos.

Ultrasound

30/09/2010

54 Nos.

CT Scan

14/09/2009

18 Nos.

 

 

TOTAL NO. OF CASES DONE WITH CANCER CASES DETECTED

Year

Cases Done

CT Scan

U/S

X-Ray

Mammo

2007

Total Cases

1847

5936

21290

96

Cancer Detected

198

89

250

6

2008

Total Cases

2863

6980

25925

92

Cancer Detected

148

81

300

4

2009

Total Cases

2747

7687

22232

88

Cancer Detected

267

92

270

7

2010

Total Cases

3255

7991

30506

132

Cancer Detected

340

95

32

7

2011

Total Cases

 

7652

31152

136

Cancer Detected

 

91

11

20

 

 

FUTURE PLANNING OF RADIO-DIAGNOSIS & IMAGING DEPARTMENT, CIVIL HOSPITAL AIZAWL

FUTURE PLANNING (MACHINES)

MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)

This diagnostic machine shows much details of soft tissue and bones than CT scan machine, which is very needed for the study of spinal canal, brain etc., If this machine is procured it will cut down most of the cases referred outside thus saving money, time and convenient for the general people.

Multislice CT Scan machine

This machine is more upgraded than what we have at present which is only single slice machine. The ability of thinner slice image enables better reconstruction for specific cases. The speed is much faster thus motion blur can be avoided   resulting clear and better image. All these enable patient study more accurate so unnecessary referring outside may be avoided to high extent.

Computed Radiography X-ray machine

This is computerised x-ray machine. Image reconstruction and post processing can be performed with computer even with any x-ray exposure. The first benefit is avoiding repeat x-ray which results in less radiation hazards & additional film expenses. Secondly the image can be zoom in and out so most of the cases can be collected in smaller film size thus less consumption of x-ray film; resulting in less expenditure.

4D Colour doppler Ultrasound machine

This machine is much more advanced machine than what we have at present. Real time in greater detail. 4D images can be obtained thus giving us a better view of the pathology.

 

 

RADIATION DOSE LIMITS 

APPLICATION

OCCUPATIONAL

PUBLIC

Effective dose

20 mSv per year averaged over defined period of 5 yrs With no more than 50 mSv in a single year

1 mSv per year. Averaged over 5 years.

Annual Equivalent dose to individual organs

 

 

Eye lens

150 mSv

15 mSv

Skin

500 mSv

50 mSv

Hands & Feet

500 mSv

 

 

-         AERB, Mumbai

 CONCLUSION 

As we are all aware that x-ray radiation is hazardous to health and it is not advise to do x-ray unless it is extremely necessary for diagnosis of the disease. 

The International Atomic Regulatory Board made the permissible radiation dose (maximum) for radiation workers (occupational) and public - though any extra radiation is not advisable.

 

CAUTION - X-RAYS 

Ř       X-RAYS ARE IONISINTG RADIATION WHICH IS HAZARDOUS TO HEALTH

Ř       NO X-RAYS SHOULD BE TAKEN WITHOUT THE PROPER ADVICE OF THE DOCTORS.

Ř       ONLY NECESSARY PERSONS SHOULD BE INSIDE X-RAY ROOM DURING PROCEDURE.

Ř       GLOWING OF RED LIGHT OUTSIDE X-RAY ROOM INDICATES ‘HAZARDOUS X-RAY RADIATIONS IN PROGRESS’.

Ř       PREGNANT LADIES MUST REPORT BEFORE X-RAY FOR PRECAUTIONS.

Ř       RECEIVING EXTRA RADIATIONS BEYOND RECEIVED FROM NATURAL   RESOURCES IS NOT ADVISED, SO ONE MUST BE CAUTIOUS FROM GETTING EXTRA AND UNNECESSARY RADIATIONS.       

      

 

 

 
 

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